OVERVIEW
========
pgchronos are sql functions and operators for Postgresql for performing union, intersection, and difference operations on sets of daterange and tstzrange types.
As an example of a difference operation, imagine a hotel where frequent customers can earn special member rates during most of the year, excluding holiday weeks.
Select unnest(
(select array_agg(range) from special_membership_ranges) -
(select array_agg(range) from holiday_exclusion_ranges)) special_booking_ranges;
special_booking_ranges
-------------------------
[2015-01-02,2015-01-06)
[2015-01-07,2015-01-21)
[2015-01-22,2015-01-29)
These functions were originally developed as part of the ChronosDB project. That code became half-redundant when Postgres introduced range data types in version 9.2. This code is a fork that brings it current with the latest Postgres versions, and utilizes the native Postgres range data types. The current project site is .
REQUIREMENTS
============
pgchronos utilizes the range datatypes introduced in Postgresql 9.2, therefore that is the minimum version you can use with this extension.
INSTALLATION
============
Copy all pgchronos* files to Postgresql's extension directory; on Debian, that is /usr/share/postgresql//extension. Then execute "CREATE EXTENSION pgchronos;". After installation, you may choose to run the included test script tests_run.sql.
PROVIDED OPERATORS AND FUNCTIONS
================================
List of operators
Name | Left arg type | Right arg type | Result type | Description
------+--------------------------+--------------------------+-------------+------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* | daterange[] | daterange[] | daterange[] | Return all range segments common to both operands
* | tstzrange[] | tstzrange[] | tstzrange[] | Return all range segments common to both operands
+ | daterange[] | daterange[] | daterange[] | Union overlapping and adjacent ranges into an array of non-overlapping and non-adjacent ranges
+ | tstzrange[] | tstzrange[] | tstzrange[] | Union overlapping and adjacent ranges into an array of non-overlapping and non-adjacent ranges
- | daterange[] | daterange[] | daterange[] | Subtract from the first operand range segments that are occupied by the second operand.
- | tstzrange[] | tstzrange[] | tstzrange[] | Subtract from the first operand range segments that are occupied by the second operand.
<@ | date | daterange[] | boolean | True if date is contained in any daterange in the array
<@ | timestamp with time zone | tstzrange[] | boolean | True if timestamp is contained in any range in the array
@> | daterange[] | date | boolean | True if date is contained in any daterange in the array
@> | tstzrange[] | timestamp with time zone | boolean | True if timestamp is contained in any range in the array
List of functions
Name | Result data type | Argument data types | Description
-----------------------+------------------+----------------------------------------------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
contains | boolean | d daterange[], dt date | True if date is contained in any daterange in the array
contains | boolean | dt date, d daterange[] | True if date is contained in any daterange in the array
contains | boolean | tsr tstzrange[], ts timestamp with time zone | True if timestamp is contained in any range in the array
contains | boolean | ts timestamp with time zone, tsr tstzrange[] | True if timestamp is contained in any range in the array
difference | daterange[] | dr1 daterange[], dr2 daterange[] | See "-" operator above
difference | tstzrange[] | ts1 tstzrange[], ts2 tstzrange[] | See "-" operator above
exists_adjacent_lower | boolean | ts tstzrange, tsr tstzrange[] | True if a range exists in the array that is adjacent to the lower bound of the range operand
exists_adjacent_upper | boolean | ts tstzrange, tsr tstzrange[] | True if a range exists in the array that is adjacent to the upper bound of the range operand
exists_upper | boolean | ts timestamp with time zone, tsr tstzrange[] | True if a range exists in the array having its upper bound equal to the timestamp
intersection | daterange[] | dr1 daterange[], dr2 daterange[] | See "*" operator above
intersection | tstzrange[] | dr1 tstzrange[], dr2 tstzrange[] | See "*" operator above
range_union | daterange[] | dr1 daterange[], dr2 daterange[] | See "+" operator above
range_union | tstzrange[] | dr1 tstzrange[], dr2 tstzrange[] | See "+" operator above
reduce | daterange[] | dr daterange[] | Union overlapping and adjacent ranges into an array of non-overlapping and non-adjacent ranges
reduce | tstzrange[] | dr tstzrange[] | Union overlapping and adjacent ranges into an array of non-overlapping and non-adjacent ranges